Chemical Formula: C4H8O2 CAS Number: 107-92-6
Synonyms: n-Butanoic acid; n-Butyric acid; Ethylacetic acid; Propylformic acid; 1-Butyric acid; 1-Propanecarboxylic acid; n-C3H7COOH; Propanecarboxylic acid; Butanic acid; Buttersaeure; IMET 3393; Kyselina maselna; UN 2820; 1-butanoic acid
Butyrate and other short-chain fatty acids produced by gut bacteria can decrease intestinal permeability and boost immune system, protect the brain, and may help reduce scarring in arteries after vascular surgery. Gut microbiota (Clostridium - especially Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and Eubacterium rectale/Roseburia spp., Eubacterium, Butyrivibrio and others) produce butyrate by fermenting carbohydrates in a high fiber diet. Some studies have shown that patients suffering from inflammatory bowel disease lack butyrate-producing bacteria and have lower levels of butyrate in their gut.