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NCT03451994: Documentation of Clinical Trial Data and Procedures
Materials and Methods:
BreathLink, a mobile point-of-care system for the collection, concentration and analysis of volatile organic compounds
- Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry [
Metabolites quantified] [
Software tools & Analysis Methods:
- Pattern recognition analysis and fuzzy logic analysis of breath VOCs
- Aurametrix Software (General Availability Announcement)
- Python with the NumPy, pandas, scipy, scikit-learn, and matplotlib toolkits
- R with machine learning packages
- VBA Excel macros
Downloadable Data, Blogs and Research Papers
MB000001 raw data
(to be posted)
- MB000002 raw data
- MB000003 raw data
The extent of oxidative stress range from oxidation of DNA to proteins, lipids, and free amino acids. Oxidative stress, characterized by an imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in favor of oxidants, leads to disruption of redox signaling and physiological function. Hydrocarbons, aldehydes, and some ketones are produced in the body as a result of oxidative stress, which occurs when increased quantities of reactive oxygen species (ROS), originating mainly from exogenous factors such as pollution, radiation, and cigarette smoke, are produced in the mitochondria. The body reacts to this by activating the detoxification process, in which the liver enzyme cytochrome p450 catalyzes the addition of an oxygen atom to the foreign compound, thus turning it to a more soluble substance in wateran alcohol and, as byproducts, aldehydes are formed. Other liver enzymes may also alter the concentration of the VOCs, such as ADH, which turns alcohols to aldehydes, and ALDH, which oxidizes aldehydes into carboxylic acids.
Exogenous sources of VOCs include cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, air pollution, and radiation. The reactive nature of these exogenous molecules can cause peroxidative damage to biological organelles, stimulating cancer and other diseases.
(download PDF) Breath mass ion biomarkers of breast cancer
Phillips M, Cataneo RN, Lebauer C, Mundada M, Saunders C.
Journal of Breath Research (19 Dec. 2016)(download PDF) Rapid Point-Of-Care Breath Test for Biomarkers of Breast Cancer and Abnormal Mammograms.
Phillips M, Beatty JD, Cataneo RN, Huston J, Kaplan PD, Lalisang RI, Lambin P, Lobbes MBI, Mundada M, Pappas N, Patel U.
PLOS ONE (Mar. 5, 2014)(download PDF) Point-of-care breath test for biomarkers of active pulmonary tuberculosis
Phillips M, Basa-Dalay V, Blais J, Bothamley G, Chaturvedi A, Modi KD, Pandya M, Natividad MPR, Patel U, Ramraje NN, Schmitt P, Udwadia ZF
Tuberculosis (May 29, 2012)
)Volatile organic compounds of lung cancer and possible biochemical pathways. Hakim M, Broza YY, Barash O, Peled N, Phillips M, Amann A, Haick H. Chemical reviews. 2012 Sep 19;112(11):5949-66.(download PDF) Volatile biomarkers in the breath of women with breast cancer.
Phillips M, Cataneo RN, Saunders C, Hope P, Schmitt P, and Wai J .
Journal of Breath Research (Mar. 2, 2010)(download PDF) Breath biomarkers of active pulmonary tuberculosis
Phillips M, Basa-Dalay V, Bothamley G, Cataneo RN, Lam PK, Natividad MPR, Schmitt P, and Wai J
Tuberculosis (Mar. 2, 2010)(download PDF) Volatile biomarkers of pulmonary tuberculosis in the breath
Phillips M, Cataneo RN, Condos R, Erickson GAR, Greenberg J, La Bombardi V, Munawar MI, and Tietje O
Tuberculosis (2007); 87: 44-52.(download PDF) Volatile markers of pulmonary tuberculosis in the breath
Phillips M, Cataneo RN, Condos R, Ring Erickson GA, Greenberg J, and La Bombardi V
European Respiratory Journal (2004); 24: Suppl. 48, 467s